VU#719689: Multiple vulnerabilities found in the Cobham EXPLORER 710 satcom terminal

The Cobham EXPLORER 710 is a portable satellite terminal used to provide satellite telecommunications and internet access. For consistency,“device” mentioned in the following section is defined as the Cobham EXPLORER 710. The affected firmware version is 1.07 for all of the vulnerabilities listed below unless otherwise noted. CVE-2019-9529 The web application portal has no authentication by default. This could allow an unauthenticated,local attacker connected to the device to access the portal and to make any change to the device. CVE-2019-9530 The web root directory has no access restrictions on downloading and reading all files. This could allow an unauthenticated,local attacker connected to the device to access and download any file found in the web root directory. CVE-2019-9531 The web application portal allows unauthenticated access to port 5454 on the device. This could allow an unauthenticated,remote attacker to connect to this port via Telnet and execute 86 Attention(AT)commands,including some that provide unauthenticated,shell-like access to the device. CVE-2019-9532 The web application portal sends the login password in cleartext. This could allow an unauthenticated,local attacker to intercept the password and gain access to the portal. CVE-2019-9533 The root password for the device is the same for all versions of firmware up to and including v1.08. This could allow an attacker to reverse-engineer the password from available versions to gain authenticated access to the device. CVE-2019-9534 The device does not validate its firmware image. Development scripts left in the firmware can be used to upload a custom firmware image that the device runs. This could allow an unauthenticated,local attacker to upload their own firmware that could be used to intercept or modify traffic,spoof or intercept GPS traffic,exfiltrate private data,hide a backdoor,or cause a denial-of-service. In addition to the findings abov ..