The Biden administration has named China as the most threatening nation the United States faces, on grounds that it can combine its technological and other capabilities like no other.
That assessment was offered in a new Interim National Security Guidance [PDF] issued on Wednesday, in which the administration also outlines plans to seek more regulation of advanced technologies and an intention to strike back after cyberattacks.
The document describes China as “rapidly become more assertive” and rates it “the only competitor potentially capable of combining its economic, diplomatic, military, and technological power to mount a sustained challenge to a stable and open international system.”
The document also mentions Russia, North Korea, Iran, and violent extremists everywhere as the USA’s most obvious adversaries.
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The administration hopes to work with allies and partners to “modernize the architecture of international cooperation for the challenges of this century, from cyber threats to climate change, corruption, and digital authoritarianism.”
Quantum computing and AI are mentioned as having the potential to “shape everything from the economic and military balance among states to the future of work, wealth, and inequality within them.” The document also notes: “Emerging technologies remain largely ungoverned by laws or norms designed to center rights and democratic values, foster cooperation, establish guardrails against misuse or malign action, and reduce uncertainty and manage the risk that competition will lead to conflict.”
“We will renew our commitment to ..